Emissions classified as Scope 3 are far the largest proportion of emissions under current GHG Protocol Standards - Apples 2020 report shows that their Scope 3 emissions count for a massive 99.8% of their total emissions for that fiscal year.
Scope 3 emissions include all outsourced or purchased goods or services. For digital this includes:
- Online tools
- Web hosting
- Email hosting
- Cloud storage
- Cloud-based office tools
- Infrastructure for internal tools